Florida Divorce

17
Dec

What is the minimum child support in Florida?

Child Support in Florida

When couples decide to part ways, what is the minimum child support in Florida is one of the questions that pop into their minds. Florida child support rules may be required if you’re going through a divorce or don’t reside with your child’s father. Through the Florida “Income Shares Model,” both parents are required to provide for their child or children.

Accordingly, the amount to be spent on the children’s childcare expenses will be estimated by the courts using a Florida child support calculator based on the earnings of both parents. According to Florida’s child support laws, children must be supported until they become 18 years old.

Florida law also says that child support payments for disabled children can continue. Children older than 18 and still in high school are eligible for child support from both parents.

Furthermore, no clause requires minimum child support under the Florida Statutes.

This, however, does not give someone the right to forgo paying child support by choosing not to work or by taking a job that pays significantly less than what they could.

If the judge determines that a parent is willingly restricting their income, they will attribute some income to a person who is not employed.

If there is proof that the parent might earn more based on their degree, experience, and making history, a different sum may be credited instead of the usual minimum wage in this circumstance.

How to file for back child support in Florida?

Your co-parent was required to pay child support regularly by a Florida court, but because they didn’t follow through, they now owe you the money they were supposed to pay.

But how to file for back child support in Florida? Find out by reading on.

The Florida Department of Revenue (FDR) might be able to assist you if you owe overdue child support in Florida.

The Florida Department of Revenue (FDR) is empowered to pursue a wide range of actions to enforce compliance with a child support obligation when a parent refuses to do so.

Some acceptable behaviors consist of the following:

  • Notifying clients of late payments;
  • Withholding income;
  • Suspending the delinquent parent’s Florida driver’s, professional, business, and recreational licenses;
  • Establishing a payment schedule,
  • Seizing federal income tax refunds, Florida lottery winnings exceeding $600, support payments from workers’ compensation, and up to 40% of the delinquent parent’s reemployment benefits;
  • Making personal property liens official;
  • Refusing the delinquent parent’s request to renew

The court may receive a “move for contempt” from parents in Florida. The presiding judge can imprison the disobedient parent for up to 179 days if they are deemed to be in contempt of court. Moreover, the court can ask to work a specific number of hours per week, pay the petitioner’s attorney’s costs, pay a fine, attend follow-up compliance hearings, and attend counseling.

Is child support retroactive in Florida?

When parting ways, is child support retroactive in Florida is one of the questions that come into their minds. According to Florida’s child support laws, parents are accountable for providing for their children’s financial needs. If the parents are no longer living together, this responsibility continues.

Florida follows generally accepted standards for child support. Per the rules, each parent must provide a fair portion of the childcare cost.

Child support is typically awarded when parents are divorcing and the child will no longer live with them. The court may impose child support if parents have never shared a residence. In some circumstances, a judge may require retroactive child support in addition to regular child support payments.

What does Florida’s retroactive child support entail?

Contrary to what the name might suggest, “retroactive child support” does not mean arrears in child support obligations. Retroactive child support, however, fills in the time between when it should have begun and the present.

In addition to the regular child support payments mandated by the court, there is also a retroactive child support obligation.

During a divorce case, the court may mandate retroactive child support. While a child support lawsuit or custody dispute is pending, it may also direct the support payments. The court could impose retroactive child support orders if paternity were in doubt once paternity had been determined.

How Can I Get Florida Retroactive Child Support?

In Florida, you can receive child support for up to two years from when your petition for approval was filed. Unless the child is below two years old, Florida courts cannot retroactively mandate child support to the child’s birth.

Is child support mandatory in Florida?

Is child support mandatory in Florida? Continue reading to find out. In Florida, child support typically lasts until the child turns 18. If the child has a disability or has not completed high school, parents may continue to provide support beyond that.

Child support covers the costs associated with raising a child. Old words that gave one parent a sense of inferiority have been eliminated by changes to Florida law.

According to lawmakers, all parents should feel significant in their children’s lives. Parental time-sharing has taken the place of exclusive custody, visitation, and non-custodial and custodial parents. According to this new phrase, both parents are in charge of the welfare of their children.

What Are Florida’s Child Support Laws?

In Florida, child support is typically required. Child support safeguards that, even after a divorce, both parents bear financial responsibility for the child.

Once paternity has been established, a parent may be ordered to pay child support even if they were unaware of the kid’s existence. Florida’s Department of Revenue is in charge of monitoring child support payments there.

They aid Floridians in locating their parents, proving paternity, identifying their assets, and creating and amending child support orders. They keep track of payments and support a parent in taking action if the other parent doesn’t make their child’s support payments on time. They can accept and disperse funds. They also provide parenting classes if necessary.

17
Dec

How does adultery affect divorce in Florida?

How does adultery affect divorce in Florida?

In a no-fault divorce state, neither spouse must show that the other had committed wrongdoing to get a divorce. However, infidelity can affect several crucial aspects of a divorce case. In this article, we will find the answer: how does adultery affect divorce in Florida?

Impact of Adultery on Your Florida Divorce  

1- Property Division

There are several instances where adultery will not significantly affect assets division. The economic consequences of the adulterous connection are typically the deciding factor. For instance, the dissipation of assets occurs when there is proof that lavish presents were purchased for someone else or hotel rooms were booked to carry out the affair.

2- Alimony (Spousal Support)

Florida’s alimony laws expressly grant family law courts the right to take adultery and its circumstances into account to calculate the amount and length of an alimony award.

You should speak with a qualified divorce attorney about your case if adultery is a factor in your divorce, and you may be required to pay alimony or that you are owed it. 

3- Child Custody & Visitation

Florida’s child custody and visitation disputes are settled following the state’s “best interests of the child” provision. The “moral fitness of the parents” is one of the specified criteria that Florida courts take into account when resolving custody/visitation disputes. Adultery might be considered proof of inadequate moral fitness by a Florida court.

16
Dec

How to avoid paying child support in Florida?

How to avoid paying child support in Florida?

In Florida, married couples are required by law to support their kids until they are 18 financially, but if they divorce, may they escape paying child support? Yes, but it also depends on the specific situation.

Look for divorce attorneys’ consultations to go over their choices.

Ways to avoid paying child support in Florida

You must abide by any child support orders issued because of your divorce or separation if you received one. However, there are legal ways that will help you understand how to avoid paying child support in Florida.

An agreement between the parents

Only with the consent of both parents may child support payments be discontinued and waived. If a judge thinks this agreement is unfair, they may override it. The judge often abides by parental agreements unless they have reason to believe one parent did so in bad faith.

Give up your parental rights

The custodial parent may request that the non-custodial parent give up their parental rights. A parent may opt to do this, but they must follow specific state laws. If a parent gives up their parental rights, they are no longer compelled to pay child support.

Terminating any child support agreement

Unless there are unique circumstances, the child support arrangement will be null and void when the child turns 18. If you are fired from your work or sentenced to prison, the court may revoke the agreement. The court will probably be more inclined to modify payments in these situations than to stop them completely.

How Does Child Support Work in Florida?

The Florida courts will ensure that if a couple has kids, their financial requirements are covered as best as the parents can. Child support covers expenses, including housing, food, and medical care. You might be curious about how does child support work in Florida?

How to Calculate Florida Child Support Amount?

The Florida Child Support Guidelines will determine how much to pay. According to the parent’s net income and the number of children involved, the Guidelines specify the financial obligations necessary. Depending on the particulars of each case, child support payments’ length and quantity may vary. Consult a child custody attorney for details regarding your situation.

The sum of both parents’ monthly salaries and the number of children they have together are the key determinants of the number of support payments. The amount of child support must be paid will also depend on how often each parent spends the night with the kids.

Additional aspects will also be considered, including the child’s educational, psychological, and medical needs. Even if the kids split their time equally between parents, child support will probably still be paid.

The situation when neither parent is required to pay child support is uncommon. For instance, if the parents have equal time with the children but the mother makes more money, she might be obliged to pay child support. In most cases, assistance will be given unless both parents make the same amount of money.

 

Can child support be waived in Florida?

Each parent contributes financially to a child’s regular expenses through child support. Each parent may be responsible for some costs when parents share custody. However, when one parent is the primary caretaker, the non-custodial parent usually makes direct child support payments to the primary caregiver.

Kid support cannot legally be waived since it is regarded as a right of the child, not the parent, even though the custodial parent may decide not to pursue legal action against a non-paying parent for child support. Can child support be waived in Florida? Continue reading.

Child Support Basics

Florida bases child support payments on the gross income of each parent, less any special medical and other costs. The child’s ongoing costs for education, healthcare, and other expenses must be split between parents.

When one parent has primary custody, that person’s support obligation is met by directly covering the kid’s expenditures. In contrast, the non-custodial parent is responsible for paying child support to the custodial parent. Florida law mandates that non-custodial parents pay child support because it is a child’s right.

Child Support Settlement

Parents can work out their child support arrangements. A court must still sign off on the agreement, but parents who strike a deal rather than relying on the state’s child support calculations may be eligible to pay less child support.

A settlement can reduce the legal process cost if one parent is suffering financial difficulties, and it may also include clauses that call for enhanced support after the hardship has passed.

Child Support Modification

When their finances or the needs of the kid change, parents can ask the court to amend their child support obligation. For instance, a child’s transfer from a private to a public school can warrant a change in child support.

In the same court where the initial child support order was granted, parents should submit a petition for a child support modification.

The possibility of the judge approving a reduction in child support is increased when both parents agree it should be done. In this case, they may sign a joint petition.

15
Dec

Is Florida a 50-50 state when it comes to divorce?

Is Florida a 50-50 state when it comes to divorce?

Couples must indeed divide their entire life when the divorce process is started. For two spouses to finalize their divorce, everything between them—from time with their children to their property—must be carefully addressed.

Divorce procedures, particularly those involving property division, can be unclear for many people going through this transition. People frequently worry whether their assets will be divided equally or if other considerations will affect how much of each person’s assets they receive.

Is Florida a 50/50 state when it comes to divorce?

Florida is a state that practices equal distribution. Marital assets are shared relatively under this strategy. Note that it does not imply equality. Instead, the property is divided fairly, which allows divorcing couples to divide their assets equally or unequally.

What is Separate and Marital Property?

Separate and marital property are both considered when getting a divorce.

A spouse’s possessions and assets before marriage are considered separate property. Gifts and inheritances are also regarded as independent property. Contrarily, marital property is made up of the possessions the couple earned throughout their marriage.

This includes anything from income, shares, bank accounts, debt, retirement accounts, and other nonphysical property to homes, jewelry, cars, art, and other tangible possessions.

Only assets designated as marital property will be considered when splitting assets in a divorce. Property division is not applicable to separate property. Separate property may, nevertheless, become marital property under several circumstances. For instance, if the separate property was combined with marital property to improve its value, the combined assets would be considered marital property for divorce purposes.

How to kick your husband out of the house legally?

When couples are going through difficult times in their relationship and considering separating or even divorcing, the subject of how to kick their husband out of the house legally comes up frequently.

It is crucial to know your rights and obligations at this trying time because couples who share a home sometimes differ in their immediate living circumstances now of separation.

However, you cannot compel your spouse to leave home in Florida. We are aware that you no longer wish to live with your husband. Changing the locks is not a good idea when your husband is gone from the house. If your partner returns home and calls the police, the police will declare it civil. Be aware that involving the police in this manner is regarded as an abuse of the legal process. This kind of conduct will not be seen kindly by the family law court.

We advise against trying to kick your spouse out of the house. It’s crucial to follow the correct steps when deciding where the spouses will reside during and after a divorce. If one of the partners is detained and transported to jail in a domestic violence case, they will eventually be released and let to return home.

Is everything split 50/50 in a divorce?

Divorce can be a challenging time. If you are undergoing one and looking for the answer to the question, ‘is everything split 50/50 in a divorce, keep reading.

Many individuals mistakenly believe that marital property in Florida is not always divided equally between a couple who gets divorced after marriage. Florida is not a community property state, where the property is divided evenly and in the middle. Instead, equitable distribution regulations apply to divorces in Florida.

Under these regulations, marital property is fairly distributed through a divorce, though not always equally. Although the courts will still try to divide property evenly, they can utilize their discretion in some cases.

Is Florida a 50/50 Divorce State?

Florida is a state that practices equal distribution. Marital assets are shared relatively under this strategy. Equitably does not mean equal; it should be mentioned. Instead, the property is divided fairly. Therefore, divorcing couples may or may not divide their assets equally.

Who Gets the House in a Florida Divorce?

If it seems the fairest alternative, a judge may grant one spouse the right to reside in a marital residence temporarily. In other situations, the judge might mandate that the couple sell their house and split the earnings.

Others use the assistance of lawyers or a mediator, while other couples can agree on how to divide everything on their own.

14
Dec

What is a dissolution of Marriage?

Are you getting ready to divorce in Florida? If so, you might hear terms like divorce, dissolution of marriage, and annulment used frequently. Technically speaking, there is no distinction between a divorce and a dissolution—although an annulment is a distinct action that may be permitted in a very small number of situations. Here, our divorce lawyer in Clearwater outlines the essential information concerning Florida law related to annulment, divorce, and dissolution of marriage.

What is a dissolution of marriage?

If you are wondering what is dissolution of marriage is? continue reading, Dissolution, often known as divorce, is a court’s official, legal dissolution of a marriage. Your marriage and your legal union are both ended by a dissolution of marriage. A dissolution does not “undo” the marriage in the same way that an annulment does. It is a formal end to the marriage instead. You and your spouse require dissolution of marriage if you want to end your marriage.

How Do You Get a Dissolution of Marriage?

On your state court website, you can find the dissolution of marriage form, which differs by state. It also asks if the petitioner requests child custody, spousal support, child support, or property distribution. This form requests basic information about you and your spouse, including names, addresses, dates of birth, and the date of your marriage.

Who is responsible for the debt after a divorce?

It’s critical to comprehend what will happen if you file for divorce if you have a lot of debt during your marriage. Therefore, knowing who is responsible for the debt after a divorce is crucial.

You might not be liable for what you believe you are and might be in debt for something you believe your spouse should pay. The laws of the state where you reside, any pre-nuptial agreements in place, and whose signature is on the loan or credit card agreements will ultimately determine a large portion of your legal responsibilities.

You are legally responsible for these debts, for instance, if you co-signed or signed on as the borrower on loan during your marriage for your spouse. Or perhaps you borrowed money for your lover with the understanding that they would repay you. Even if you and the other borrower agree that the person who promised to pay back the loan is the one who is responsible for it after the divorce, the lender won’t be concerned about this as you are the only borrower.

Even if your spouse promises to take care of it, any late fees assessed due to a spouse’s unpaid loans for whom you served as co-signer will also be legally your obligation. You are also liable if your name appears on loan. When sorting through inquiries regarding financial accountability, it’s also crucial to comprehend the distinction between marital debt and separate debt.

Debt accumulated in one’s name before the date of marriage is considered separate debt, whereas debt accumulated during a marriage is referred to as marital debt.

14
Dec

What state has jurisdiction over a divorce?

What state has jurisdiction over a divorce?

Only the state and county with jurisdiction to hear the case may receive a divorce petition from a couple. You do not need to file in the state that granted your marriage license or even where you reside.

The location and length of residence of each spouse will determine the court’s jurisdiction in your divorce case. While every state has a uniform divorce procedure, different jurisdictions have different procedures and rules that must be followed.

Therefore, if you want to know what state has jurisdiction over divorce, you need to apply for divorce in a particular state, for instance, if:

You don’t meet the conditions for residency.

Before filing for divorce in a state, a spouse must reside there for a specific minimum amount of time. The residence requirement typically only applies to one spouse, and that spouse must complete the necessary documentation for the divorce to be heard.

The first to file is your spouse.

If a marriage is eligible for jurisdiction in two distinct jurisdictions, the state that accepts jurisdiction is where the divorce petition is initially filed. As a result of not having to travel as far to take part in hearings and the trial, the spouse who files for divorce may have an edge in a contentious divorce.

Instead of using a lawyer from their home state, the out-of-state spouse might also need to engage one in the state where the divorce is now being litigated.

Your kids reside in a different state.

Filing in your spouse‘s state could be less stressful for the kids if they attend school there and your spouse satisfies the residency criteria.

However, you should know what the state expects regarding spousal support, child support, and custody arrangements.

13
Dec

What is the alimony law in Florida?

What is the alimony law in Florida?

Do you want to know what is the alimony law in Florida? Keep reading 3 minutes quality post. Alimony can be requested when one party feels they require financial support from the other side, according to Florida’s divorce alimony rules.

The court may order temporary alimony until the final divorce hearing, when a final alimony sum may be granted, just like child support. The duration of the marriage will be considered while determining alimony.

What is alimony?

A court may order one spouse to pay the other alimony before, during, or after a divorce. When it was typical for one spouse to work full-time and the other to stay at home to raise the couple’s children or take care of the home, the idea of alimony emerged.

The adjustment from two to one income might, in certain situations, be challenging when one partner files for divorce. Even if it’s more typical for both partners to have a job these days, alimony is still possible for either partner to make sure that neither one is left destitute or in need of government support after the divorce.

What is the alimony law in Florida?

There are situations when permanent alimony must be considered when discussing Florida divorce laws. If the legal requirements are met, permanent alimony may be awarded in long-term marriages or moderate-term marriages if strong and convincing evidence supports it and the legal requirements have been considered.

As long as there are written findings of extraordinary circumstances, it is also for short-term marriage. The court must determine that there is no other form of alimony that is fair and reasonable before it can award perpetual alimony.

How to avoid alimony in Florida?

You were against getting divorced. You didn’t want it to turn out like this. But if you must go through this procedure, you should at least try to keep your money safe. You need to safeguard your future.

You might search for ways that reveal how to avoid alimony in Florida. Or perhaps you want to receive a fair and appropriate payment. Read below to know more about it.

Working on a pact beside your partner

Florida Judges adore agreements. If you and your future spouse enter a pre-nuptial agreement that the courts uphold, your alimony situation can be resolved beforehand. Typically, a brief discussion of the case will reveal whether you can collaborate.

Live Frugally

The spouse’s standard of living at the time of the divorce is a crucial factor in alimony payments. The likelihood that there will be enough money to maintain living standards for everyone in the household increases with the amount of money you and your spouse earn.

End your Marriage ASAP

According to Florida law, the alimony awarded depends on how long the couple has been married. You are in a medium-term marriage if you have been together for 7 to 17 years. Eighteen or more years of marriage? You are facing the prospect of receiving everlasting alimony.

Show a Real reason for alimony

On financial affidavits, spouses almost always exaggerate their financial demands. This is occasionally done on purpose to try to increase an alimony award. If your spouse can meet their wants, she may give up her alimony claim if you can demonstrate the necessity.

How long do you have to be married to get alimony in Florida?

A frequent query is how long I have to be married to get alimony in Florida.

There are specific ground rules for alimony claims in Florida, but the answer can be complicated and unpredictable. It’s a frequent misperception that each spouse will receive 50 percent of the assets in the event of a divorce.

This is accurate in states acknowledging that each spouse deserves to receive half of the marital estate, such as community property states. However, equitable distribution law is in effect in Florida. The division of marital property is fair, not always equal, under this law.

Is Florida an alimony state?

A person may be obliged to pay alimony in Florida. One of the few states, Florida, allows for bridge-the-gap alimony, which aids the recipient spouse in addressing immediate, legitimate requirements as they adjust to a single life.

How long do you have to be married to get alimony in Florida?

Permanent alimony or long-term alimony awards are typically only given in cases of long- or moderate-term marriages. Short-term marriages are typically only qualified for temporary alimony. A marriage that lasts less than seven years is considered short-term under Florida law. A moderate-term union lasts between seven and seventeen years. A long-term marriage has lasted more than 17 years.

12
Dec

Is Florida a No Fault Divorce State?

Is Florida a no-fault divorce state?

Does it matter if he is having an affair if Florida is a no-fault divorce state? The most misunderstood aspect of Florida’s divorce laws is no-fault divorce. Here we will discuss the following:

  • The definition of a no-fault divorce
  • Whether it is preferable to an at-fault divorce
  • Is Florida a no-fault divorce state

What Is A No-Fault Divorce?

The norm in Florida is a no-fault divorce. It simply means that you can’t live with your spouse any longer because you’re incompatible; in other words, informing the judge that the reason you’re seeking a divorce is that you have irreconcilable differences.

In contrast, if your spouse was at fault for the divorce, you must demonstrate to the judge that you were wronged in some way by them.

What is the goal of Florida’s no-fault divorce laws?

The goal of Florida’s no-fault divorce statute is to encourage both parties to end the marriage amicably and to promote reconciliation by reducing the need for accusatory retaliation. To file for divorce in Florida, you must demonstrate that your marriage is “irretrievably broken.”

The no-fault policy has been determined to be the most effective way to handle a divorce by the State of Florida and all other 49 States, for that matter.

Is An At-Fault Divorce Preferable To A No-Fault Divorce?

In our opinion, yes. We are grateful to be able to divorce without providing any blame. Mudslinging may feel nice in the short term. Still, it can eventually result in expensive and protracted litigation, ruining the co-parenting relationship you’ll need to uphold with your spouse if you have children.

11
Dec

How to voluntarily terminate parental rights in Florida?

How to voluntarily terminate parental rights in Florida?

When a person becomes a parent, some rights and obligations under state law are immediately triggered by the birth of their child.

The rights of the parents, generally known as parental rights, include the right to participate in their child’s life and to make crucial decisions regarding their upbringing. This also entails having obligations as a parent.

Your parental rights may be terminated in Florida either willingly or involuntarily. Keeping the youngster nourished, clothed, secure, healthy, and safe from harm might fall under this category. You still owe your children some financial and legal obligations even if you get divorced.

What are Parental Rights?

Legal rights to a child belong automatically to the biological parents. These privileges include spending time with the child, making choices that will impact the child’s life, and deciding to whom the child will have access.

As a parent, you have a legal obligation to make sure your child has access to food, shelter, and medical treatment. Additionally, parents are required by law to support their biological children financially.

Although courts typically respect a parent’s decision regarding their kid, they can intervene, restrict, or even revoke parental rights. A parent loses their responsibility and rights to their child when their parental rights are terminated.

Florida’s voluntary termination of parental rights

If you want to know how to voluntarily terminate parental rights in Florida, read below.

Most of the time, Florida courts are reluctant to grant a parent’s request to voluntarily relinquish custody of their child, except in cases when another adult is prepared to take custody of the child. Without a prospective adoptive parent, it is doubtful that someone will be able to give up their parental rights freely.

For instance, the court won’t revoke a parent’s parental rights to relieve them of the burden of raising a kid or their requirement to pay child support.

Can a father get custody of his child in Florida?

Many fathers mistakenly believe that the law favors the mother of their kids. You have rights, whether just starting a divorce or trying to obtain full custody after your divorce has been adjudicated.

Are Fathers Entitled To Rights In Florida?

Florida has been fighting a long war for men’s equality concerning their children for the past few years. Regarding the timesharing agreements decided upon in divorce and paternity proceedings, Florida law has undergone a comprehensive revision.

We now have “parenting plans,” where responsibility for every area of the children’s lives must be written out, as opposed to one parent (often the woman) being granted the title of “primary residential parent.”

Can A Father Get Custody Of His Child In Florida?

In Florida, it is uncommon for either parent to be granted sole custody and parental responsibilities. It’s not impossible, though. Full custody can only be granted to one parent if the court finds that sharing parenting responsibilities would be detrimental to the kids and not in their best interests.

Therefore, a father must prove to the court that granting the mother any parenting responsibilities will harm the children to obtain full custody in Florida. Two situations that could lead to complete custody for the father include showing that the mother is likely to sabotage the father-child relationship or that she is unlikely to follow the court-ordered timesharing schedule.

9
Dec

What Constitutes Abandonment in A Marriage?

What Constitutes Abandonment in A Marriage?

Undoubtedly, ending a marriage is never an easy choice. It is crucial to consider a few things before you file the papers, especially if your spouse is ill or there are children involved. These circumstances significantly influence the two main types of marital abandonment.

Understanding these two distinct forms of abandonment may also be helpful if you fear that your partner will leave you, regardless of whether you are ill or have children.

What Is Marital Abandonment?

When one spouse breaks off contact with the family and neglects their responsibilities, the term “marital abandonment” is used. Florida has two kinds of abandonment or desertion: constructive and actual. Read the blog post to understand what constitutes abandonment in a marriage.

Constructive Abandonment

A spouse’s stay in the marital home may constitute constructive abandonment. The purposeful withholding of sex by one spouse is the most typical sign of constructive abandonment.

The other spouse may file for divorce on constructive abandonment if one spouse consistently refuses to have sex with the other and neglects to carry out other household duties. Abandonment can include cruel treatment, such as physical or emotional abuse.

The primary component of constructive desertion is when one spouse acts in a way that jeopardizes the health and safety of the other spouse.

Actual Abandonment

When a spouse leaves the marital house with all her possessions, she has abandoned or deserted the relationship. The abandoning must be voluntary, meaning the deserting spouse cannot have been forced to leave. The deserting spouse must also have no intention of returning to the marital home.